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County Parties in a Nutshell

The Democratic Party at the county level is the county Democratic Party (County Party). The 254 county Democratic parties, which are headed by county chairs, are the focal points of campaign and Party building activities. The 254 counties in Texas are further divided into voter precincts, each led by a precinct chair. These are different than the Commissioners Precincts.  There are typically four commissioner precincts, but in each commissioner's precinct there are multiple voting precincts. County Commissioners Courts, not the Texas Democratic Party, determine precinct boundaries during the redistricting process every ten years.

By virtue of Texas Election Code and Texas Democratic Party Rules (TDP Rules), a county chair is a duly elected party official whose position is not dependent on the appointment or approval of the Texas Democratic Party (State Party).  County Parties are autonomous subdivisions of the State Party.

The governing body of the county Democratic Party is the County Executive Committee (CEC). The CEC is composed of the county chair and all precinct chairs within the county. The County Chair is the presiding member or chair of the CEC.  Any resident in the county who supports the statement of principles of the Democratic Party and voted in the most recent Democratic Primary is considered a member of the County Party.  The 254 county parties are represented at the state level by their senate district members of the State Democratic Executive Committee.  

Voting Precincts

The voting precinct exists to facilitate elections at the local level. The precinct is the smallest political subdivision in Texas, while the senate districts are the largest. State law sets the maximum number of registered voters in a precinct based on the county population. The County Commissioners Court determines precinct boundaries.

The Precinct Chair

The party leader in the voting precinct is the precinct chair, who is elected by the voters in the precinct in the Democratic Primary. The precinct chair is the go-to person for all Democratic precinct activity. An active, effective precinct chair makes an enormous difference in the success of the Party and our candidates.

I. Duties and Responsibilities

The following is a list that includes, but does not limit, the official and unofficial duties and responsibilities of the precinct chair:

•     Organize the precinct and get to know the people in the precinct.
•     Be a standing member of the County Executive Committee.
•     Represent the precinct by attending every County Executive Committee meeting.
•     Get our voters to the polls.
•     Bridge the gap between voters and elected officials.
•     Help find judges, alternate judges, and election clerks.
•     Get people to do the following volunteer jobs:


  • Work the precinct polling place on Election Day.

  • Pass out literature.

  • Report pertinent information back to the Democratic party headquarters and        Democratic campaigns.

  • Dress the polls on Election Day.

•      Understand the TDP Rules and Texas Election Code.
•      Encourage primary voters to attend the precinct convention.
•      Place sign(s) at the Primary voting locations indicating the location of the                      precinct  convention.
•      Organize and conduct the precinct convention.
•      To call a CEC meeting when County Chairs fail to do so.

II. Precinct Chair vs. Election Judge

It is no longer the case that the election judge and precinct chair are synonymous. The precinct chair should be getting Democrats and like-minded voters to the polls, while the election judge  should be running the election.


•      The precinct chair is a partisan Party position.
•      The election judge is a non-partisan position.
•      There is no law prohibiting a precinct chair from being an election judge.
•      The precinct chair usually should not be the election judge.
•      The precinct chair should help find judges, alternate judges, and clerks

As stated earlier, in some cases it is more useful for the precinct chair to be the election judge, alternate judge, or clerk.  This should be the exception rather than the rule.

The County Executive Committee (CEC)

The County Executive Committee (CEC) is composed of the precinct chairs of each of the county’s voting precincts and the county chair. The county chair calls and presides over CEC meetings. Precinct chairs may also call meetings through a petition process. 

The County Executive Committee administers the following business of the County Party:

•      By statute, the CEC has certain responsibilities for the conduct of the                            Democratic Primary in the county.                       
•      By TDP Rules, the CEC may adopt continuing rules for the conduct of its                        business.
•      By TDP Rules, the CEC shall have primary responsibility for planning and                      integrating the General Election campaigns of the Democratic Party's nominees          within the county.
     This inclu
des the following responsibilities:

  • Raising funds for conducting local campaigns.

  • Supporting the statewide effort for the entire ticket.

  • Developing materials.

  • Integrating local services for all Democratic campaigns.

  • Optionally, establishing precinct committees to facilitate and coordinate within the formal party structure.

Responsibilities of the County Executive Committee

Grassroots efforts are more effective with an active, engaged County Executive Committee (CEC). Ideally these activities are done as the CEC; however, if the CEC is unable to meet a quorum to make decisions, the county chair is still responsible for seeing that statutory requirements for running a primary are met.

The CEC has the following responsibilities:

•      Establish basic County Party goals and objectives.
•      Electing a county party secretary and treasurer.
•      Establish a budget and prepare election finance planning.
•      Establish standing party committees appoint committee members.
•      Establish steering committees as necessary.
•      Assist the county chair in recruiting active precinct chairs.

Establish a County Primary Committee with these responsibilities:

  • Plan Primary Election financing.

  • Organize and train Primary Election personnel (election, administrative, volunteers).

  • Secure election equipment, contract for special services. (If not contracting with    elections administrator.)

  • Obtain rental agreements for polling places and central counting location. (If not  contracting with elections administrator.)

  • Coordinate with the County Election Administrator on voter registration lists and  related election activities.

  • Conduct election training schools.

  • Provide for voter education programs.

  • Conduct other related Primary Election activities as provided for by statute and TDP Rules.

Establish General Election campaign committees to do the following:

  • Prepare and plan election financing.

  • Provide voter education programs.

Campaign Responsibilities

  • Conduct ther Get Out The Vote (GOTV) campaign.

  • Conduct other related General Election activities as provided for by statute and TDP Rules.

County Executive Committee Steering Committees

A CEC may form steering committees to assist in completing any specific task. Steering committees should involve and represent all Democrats in the community, officeholders, candidates, party officers, and constituency groups.

County Executive Committee Meetings

There are two types of County Executive Committee (CEC) meetings, statutory and non-statutory. CEC meetings are called by the county chair or by petition of the precinct chairs. It is the responsibility of the party calling the meeting to set the agenda. CEC members shall be notified in writing at least five days in advance of the meetings. According to TDP Rules, CECs are required to meet quarterly. See TDP Rules for information on quorum requirements and the order of business required at the statutory meetings.

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